Data Dashboards

Belize
Measurement
Measuring the Change

using prevalence data providing the widest temporal coverage of the most complete and comparable measures available by ICLS standards.

Child labour data with a complete statistical definition is only provided for 2013. There is no change to report.

%
Best Target 8.7 Data: Child Labour Rate

The data visualization displays yearly child labour statistics based on a variety of nationally-representative household surveys. All years of data hold up to standards set by interagency collaboration between ILO, UNICEF and World Bank, though, in some cases are not perfectly comparable between years. Detailed information on each data point is provided in the Measurement tab (above).

Data Availability
  • Child labour: ILO/UNICEF data
  • Forced labour: No nationally representative data
  • Human trafficking: No nationally representative data
Context
Human Development

Human Development Index Score: 0.720 (2018)

Mean School Years: 9.8 years (2018)

Labour Indicators

Vulnerable Employment: 27.1% (2018)

Working Poverty Rate: 2.3% (2020)

Government Efforts
Key Ratifications
  • ILO Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, P029: Not Ratified
  • ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, C182: Ratified 2000
  • UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol): Ratified 2003
Social Protection Coverage

General (at least one): No data

Unemployed: No data

Pension: 64.6% (2011)

Vulnerable: No data

Children: No data

Disabled: No data

Poor: No data

Measurement of child labour prevalence has evolved considerably over the past two decades. Estimates of child labour incidence are more robust and exist for more countries than any other form of exploitation falling under SDG Target 8.7.

Child Labour Rate, Aged 5-17 (Source: ILO)

Based on the international conventions and the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS)  resolution, and consistent with the approach utilized in the ILO global child labour estimates exercise, the statistical definition of child labour used includes:

a) children aged 5-11 years in all forms of economic activity;
b) children aged 12-14 years in all forms of economic activity except permissible “light” work;
c) children and adolescents aged 15-17 years in hazardous work; and
d) children aged 5-14 years performing household chores for at least 21 hours per week.

Only the measure provided for 2013 covers the full definition of hazardous work and cannot be compared directly with data from other sample years.

The chart displays differences in the percentage of children aged 5-17 in child labour by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2001 and 2013. 

Children in Hazardous Work, Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Hazardous child labour is the largest category of the worst forms of child labour with an estimated 73 million children aged 5-17 working in dangerous conditions in a wide range of sectors. Worldwide, the ILO estimates that some 22,000 children are killed at work every year.

In Belize, the latest estimates show that 1.0 percent of children aged 5-14 were engaged in hazardous work in 2013.

Only the measure provided for 2013 covers the full definition of hazardous work and cannot be compared directly with data from other sample years.

The chart displays differences in the percentage of children aged 5-14 in hazardous labour by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is only provided for 2013. 

 

Children in Hazardous Work, Aged 15-17 (Source: ILO)

Children aged 15-17 are permitted to engage in economic activities by international conventions in most cases, except when the work is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children (Article 3 (d) of ILO Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour, 1999 (No. 182)). 

In Belize, the latest estimates show that 12.2 percent of children aged 15-17 were engaged in hazardous work in 2013.

Only the measure provided for 2013 covers the full definition of hazardous work and cannot be compared directly with data from other sample years.

The chart displays differences in the percentage of children aged 15-17 in hazardous labour by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2001 and 2013. 

Weekly Work Hours, Children Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Children aged 5-11 are considered to be subjected to child labour when engaging in any form of economic activity. Children aged 12-14 are permitted to engage in “light” work that is not considered hazardous and falls below 14 hours per week.

According to the latest 2013 estimates, the average number of hours worked per week by children aged 5-14 in Belize was 21.4 hours. The average number of hours worked has increased from 8.8 hours in 2011.

The chart displays differences in the number of hours that children aged 5-14 work in economic activities by sex and region. The sample includes all children of this age group. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2011 and 2013. 

Weekly Work Hours Children Only in Economic Activity, Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Children not attending school who are engaged in economic activity can be subjected to longer working hours. 

In 2013, the latest year with available data, children in economic activity only, meaning they are not in school, worked an average of 33.4 hours per week. This number has increased since 2011, when the average number of hours worked by this age group was 8.4. 

The chart displays differences in the number of hours worked by children aged 5-14 who are not in school, by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2011 and 2013.

Weekly Hours Household Chores, Children Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Researchers recognize that children involved in economic activities are not the only children working. The ICLS recommended definition of child labour includes children aged 5-14 performing household chores for at least 21 hours per week. 

Children aged 5-14, on average, are found to work on household chores 3.7 hours per week according to the 2013 estimate. This estimate represents a decrease in hours worked across all age groups since the last estimate in 2011, which found that children aged 5-14 in Belize worked an average of 4.7 hours per week.

The chart displays differences in the number of hours children aged 5-14 work on household chores by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2001, 2011 and 2013. 

Children in Economic Activity by Sector, Aged 5-14: total (Source: ILO)

Identifying the sectors in which the most child labour exists can help policy actors and practitioners target efforts toward those industries. 

The latest data available on child labour by sector for Belize is from 2013. By the 2013 estimate, the Commerce, Hotels and Restaurants sector had the most child labourers, followed by the Agriculture sector, Other Services sector, Manufacturing sector and Construction, Mining and Other Industrial Sectors. 

‘The chart to the right displays child labour prevalence in each sector for all children. The charts below show the differences in child labour by sector with comparisons between groups by sex and region.

Children in Economic Activity by Sector, Aged 5-14: sex (Source: ILO)
Children in Economic Activity by Sector, Aged 5-14: area (Source: ILO)

Measuring the incidence of forced labour is a much more recent endeavour and presents unique methodological challenges compared to the measurement of child labour.

No nationally representative data is available on forced labour prevalence in Belize.

Visit the How to Measure the Change page for information on new guidelines presented by the International Labour Organization and adopted by the International Conference of Labour Statisticians.

The challenges in estimating human trafficking are similar to those of estimating forced labour, though recent innovations in estimation have begun to produce prevalence estimates in developed countries.

No nationally representative data is available on human trafficking prevalence in Belize.

Visit the How to Measure the Change page to learn about measuring human trafficking prevalence, including information on collecting data through national referral mechanisms and producing prevalence statistics using Multiple Systems Estimation (MSE).

Case Data: International and Non-Governmental Organizations

Civil society organizations (CSOs) focused on human trafficking victim assistance can serve as crucial sources of data given their ability to reach a population that is notoriously difficult to sample.

Counter Trafficking Data Collaborative (CTDC): The International Organization for Migration (IOM), Polaris and Liberty Asia have launched a global data repository on human trafficking, with data contributed by counter-trafficking partner organizations around the world. Not only does the CTDC serve as a central repository for this critical information, it also publishes normed and harmonized data from various organizations using a unified schema. This global dataset facilitates an unparalleled level of cross-border, trans-agency analysis and provides the counter-trafficking movement with a deeper understanding of this complex issue. Equipped with this information, decision makers will be empowered to create more targeted and effective intervention strategies.

Prosecution Data

UNODC compiles a global dataset on detected and prosecuted traffickers, which serves as the basis in their Global Report for country profiles. This information is beginning to paint a picture of trends over time, and case-specific information can assist investigators and prosecutors.

Key aspects of human development, such as poverty and lack of education, are found to be associated with risk of exploitation. Policies that address these issues may indirectly contribute to getting us closer to achieving Target 8.7.

Human Development Index (Source: UNDP)

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of achievements in three key dimensions of human development: (1) a long and healthy life; (2) access to knowledge; and (3) a decent standard of living. Human development can factor into issues of severe labour exploitation in multiple ways.

The chart displays information on human development in Belize between 1990 and 2018. Only certain sample years have data disaggregated by sex. 

The most recent year of the HDI, 2018, shows that the average human development score in Belize is 0.720. This score indicates that human development is high.

HDI Education Index (Source: UNDP)

Lack of education and illiteracy are key factors that make both children and adults more vulnerable to exploitive labour conditions.

As the seminal ILO report Profits and Poverty explains:

“Adults with low education levels and children whose parents are not educated are at higher risk of forced labour. Low education levels and illiteracy reduce employment options for workers and often force them to accept work under poor conditions. Furthermore, individuals who can read contracts may be in a better position to recognize situations that could lead to exploitation and coercion.”

The bars on the chart represent the Education Index score and the line traces the mean years of education in Belize over time.

 

Decent work, a major component of SDG 8 overall, has clear implications on the forms of exploitation within Target 8.7. Identifying shortcomings in the availability of equitable, safe and stable employment can be a step in the right direction towards achieving Target 8.7.

HDI Vulnerable Employment (Source: UNDP)

There are reasons to believe that certain types of labour and labour arrangements are more likely to lead to labour exploitation. According to the ILO:

“Own-account workers and contributing family workers have a lower likelihood of having formal work arrangements, and are therefore more likely to lack elements associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and a voice at work. The two statuses are summed to create a classification of ‘vulnerable employment’, while wage and salaried workers together with employers constitute ‘non-vulnerable employment’.”

Between 1991 and 2018, Belize showed an increase in the proportion of workers in vulnerable employment as compared to those in secure employment.

 

Working Poverty Rate (Source: ILO)

Labour income tells us about a household’s vulnerability. As the ILO explains in Profits and Poverty

“Poor households find it particularly difficult to deal with income shocks, especially when they push households below the food poverty line. In the presence of such shocks, men and women without social protection nets tend to borrow to smooth consumption, and to accept any job for themselves or their children, even under exploitative conditions.”

ILO indicators that measure poverty with respect to the labour force include working poverty rate, disaggregated by sex, with temporal coverage spanning from 2000 to 2020. The chart displays linear trends in working poverty rate over time for all individuals over 15 years of age.

 

Labour Productivity (Source: ILO)

Labour productivity is an important economic indicator that is closely linked to economic growth, competitiveness, and living standards within an economy.” However, when increased labour output does not produce rising wages, this can point to increasing inequality. As indicated by a recent ILO report (2015), there is a “growing disconnect between wages and productivity growth, in both developed and emerging economies”. The lack of decent work available increases vulnerability to situations of labour exploitation. 

Labour productivity represents the total volume of output (measured in terms of Gross Domestic Product, GDP) produced per unit of labour (measured in terms of the number of employed persons) during a given period.

 

Rates of Non-fatal Occupational Injuries (Source: ILO)

Occupational injury and fatality data can also be crucial in prevention and response efforts. 

As the ILO explains:

“Data on occupational injuries are essential for planning preventive measures. For instance, workers in occupations and activities of highest risk can be targeted more effectively for inspection visits, development of regulations and procedures, and also for safety campaigns.”

There are serious gaps in existing data coverage, particularly among groups that may be highly vulnerable to labour exploitation. For example, few countries provide information on injuries disaggregated between migrant and non-migrant workers.

 

Rates of Fatal Occupational Injuries (Source: ILO)

Data on occupational health and safety may reveal conditions of exploitation, even if exploitation may lead to under-reporting of workplace injuries and safety breaches. At present, the ILO collects data on occupational injuries, both fatal and non-fatal, disaggregating by sex and migrant status.

Research to date suggests that a major factor in vulnerability to labour exploitation is broader social vulnerability, marginalization or exclusion.

Groups Highly Vulnerable to Exploitation (Source: UNHCR)

Creating effective policy to prevent and protect individuals from forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and child labour means making sure that all parts of the population are covered, particularly the most vulnerable groups, including migrants.

According to the 2016 Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: “Almost one of every four victims of forced labour were exploited outside their country of residence, which points to the high degree of risk associated with migration in the modern world, particularly for migrant women and children. “

As IOM explains: “Although most migration is voluntary and has a largely positive impact on individuals and societies, migration, particularly irregular migration, can increase vulnerability to human trafficking and exploitation.” UNODC similarly notes that: “The vulnerability to being trafficked is greater among refugees and migrants in large movements, as recognized by Member States in the New York declaration for refugees and migrants of September 2016.”

The chart displays UNHCR’s estimates of persons of concern in Belize.

Achieving SDG Target 8.7 will require national governments to take direct action against the forms of exploitation through policy implementation.

Official Definitions
Forced Labour

Constitution of Belize, 1981

“8.1. No person shall be held in slavery or servitude.
2. No person shall be required to perform forced
labour.
3. For the purposes of this section, the expression “forced labour” does not include-

a. any labour required in consequence of the sentence or order of a court;
b. labour required of any person while he is lawfully detained that, though not required in consequence of the sentence or order of a court, is reasonably necessary in the interests of hygiene or for the maintenance of the place at which he is detained;
c. any labour required of a member of a disciplined force in pursuance of his duties as such or, in the case of a person who has conscientious objections to service as a member of a naval, military or air force, any labour that that person is required by law to perform in place of such service; or
d. any labour required during any period of public emergency or in the event of any accident or natural calamity that threatens the life and well-being of the community, to the extent that the requiring of such labour is reasonably justifiable in the circumstances of any situation arising or existing during that period or as a result of that accident or natural calamity, for the purpose of dealing with that situation.”

Labour Act, 1959

“157. In this Part-
“forced labour” means all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily, provided that the term “forced labour” shall not include-

(a) any work of a purely military character or service exacted by virtue of compulsory military service laws;
(b) any work or service which forms part of the normal civic obligations of the citizens of a fully self-governing country;
(c) any work or service exacted from any person as a consequence of a conviction in a court of law, provided that the said work or service is carried out under the supervision and control of a public authority and that the said person is not hired to or placed at the disposal of private individuals, companies or associations;
(d) any work or service exacted in cases of emergency, that is to say, in the event of war or of a calamity or threatened calamity, such as fire, flood, famine, hurricane, earthquake, violent epidemic or epizootic diseases, invasion by animal, insect or vegetable pests, and in general any circumstance that would endanger the existence or the wellbeing of the whole or part of the population;
(e) minor communal services of a kind which, being performed by the members of the community in the direct interest of the said community, can therefore be considered as normal civic obligations incumbent upon the members of the community provided that the members of the community or their direct representatives shall have the right to be consulted in regard to the need for such services.”

“158.1. No person shall impose or permit the imposition of forced labour.
2. Notwithstanding anything contained in paragraphs (b) and (c) of the proviso to section 157 no person shall impose or permit the imposition of forced or compulsory labour-

a. as a means of political coercion or as a punishment for holding or expressing political views or views ideologically opposed to the established political, social or economic system;
b. as a method of mobilising and using labour for purposes of economic developments;
c. as a means of labour discipline;
d. as a punishment for having participated in strikes;
e. as a means of racial, social, national or religious discrimination.

3. Any person who imposes or permits the imposition of forced labour is guilty of an offence.
159. This Part, with the exception of section 158 (3), shall apply to Government of Belize.”

Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Act, 2013

“2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires –
“”forced labour”” means labour or services obtained or maintained through force, threats of force, or other means of coercion;”

Labour (Recruiting of Workers) Regulations, 1963

Child Labour

Labour Act, 1959

“54.1. A child shall not be capable of entering into a contract.
2. A young person shall not be capable of entering into a contract
except for employment in an occupation approved by a labour officer as not being injurious to the moral or physical development of non-adults.
3. This section shall apply notwithstanding anything contained in any law.”

“169. Subject to any regulations made under section 170 no child shall be employed-

a. so long as he is under the age of twelve years; or
b. before the close of school hours on any day on which he is
required to attend school; or
c. before six o’clock in the morning or after eight o’clock in the evening on any day; or
d. for more than two hours on any day on which he is required to attend school; or
e. for more than two hours on any Sunday; or
f. to lift, carry or move anything so heavy as to be likely to cause injury to him; or
g. in any occupation likely to be injurious to his life, limb, health or education, regard being had to his physical condition.”

Shops Ordinance, 1959

3.(1) No person under the age of fourteen years shall be employed in or about any shop.
(2) Any person acting in contravention of this section commits an offence.

Worst Forms of Child Labour

Labour Act, 1959

“2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires or unless a more limited meaning is specifically indicated in respect of any Part, section or subsection-
“child” means a person who is under the age of fourteen years;
“young person” means a person who has attained the age of fourteen years but is under the age of eighteen years.”

“169. Subject to any regulations made under section 170 no child shall be employed-

a. so long as he is under the age of twelve years; or
b. before the close of school hours on any day on which he is
required to attend school; or
c. before six o’clock in the morning or after eight o’clock in the evening on any day; or
d. for more than two hours on any day on which he is required to attend school; or
e. for more than two hours on any Sunday; or
f. to lift, carry or move anything so heavy as to be likely to cause injury to him; or
g. in any occupation likely to be injurious to his life, limb, health or education, regard being had to his physical condition.”

161.-(1) Subject to the other provisions of this Part, no person shall employ during the night, in a public or private industrial undertaking- (a) a woman; or (b) a person under the age of eighteen years. (2) If a person is employed in contravention of subsection (1), the employer and any person (other than the person employed) to whose act or default the contravention is attributable commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding two hundred and fifty dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months.

164.-(1) Subject to subsection (2), no person shall employ a child in a public or private industrial undertaking or in a branch thereof. (2) Subsection (1) shall not apply to work done by children in technical schools if such work is approved and supervised by a public authority.

“165.-(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3), no master of a vessel which is registered in Belize as a British ship or which is owned by any person or body of persons resident or carrying on business in Belize shall employ on such vessel, and no master of any other vessel shall engage for employment on that vessel, either-

(a) a person under the age of fifteen years; or
(b) any other young person unless the master has in his possession and available for inspection by a labour officer, a valid certificate of a registered medical practitioner issued not more than one year previously and certifying that he has examined the young person and found him fit for the employment proposed:
Provided that any certificate which expires in the course of a voyage shall remain valid until the end of the said voyage.
(2) Subsection (1) shall not apply-
(a) to a vessel on which only members of the same family are employed; and
(b) to work done by persons under the age of fifteen years on school ships or training ships if such work is approved and supervised by a public authority.
(3) The Minister may make regulations to provide that that authority designated in that behalf by the regulations may issue a certificate permitting a person who has attained the age of fourteen years and is under the age of fifteen years to be employed on a vessel, if such authority is satisfied, after having due regard to the health and physical condition of such person and to the prospective as well as to the immediate benefit to him in the employment proposed, that such employment will be beneficial to him.”

166. The master of a vessel which is registered in Belize as a British ship or which is owned by any person or body of persons resident or carrying on business in Belize shall keep a register of the names and dates of birth of all persons under the age of sixteen years employed on that vessel, or a list of such names and dates of birth in the articles of agreement with the crew of that vessel.

167.-(1) No young person shall be employed on any vessel as a trimmer or stoker. (2) In any case where a trimmer or stoker is required in a place where young persons of less than eighteen years of age only are available to satisfy such requirements then young persons who are of and over sixteen years of age may be employed but so that two such young persons be engaged and employed in the place of each trimmer or stoker required.

Families and Children Act, 1998

7. Subject to the provisions of the Labour Act and the District Courts (Procedure) Act, no child shall be employed or engaged in any activity that may be detrimental to his health, education, or mental, physical or moral development.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (Prohibition) Act, 2013

“2. In this Act –
“”child””; means a person below the age of eighteen years;
9.4. For the purposes of 9.3. –
“”trafficking of a child”” means the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a person by means of threat or use of force or other means of coercion, or abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or by the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control of that child, for the purpose of Exploitation.”

Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Act, 2013

“2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires –
“”child”” means a person below the age of eighteen years;”

Trafficking in Persons

Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Act, 2013

“2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires –
“”trafficking in persons”” means the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a person by means of threat or use of force or other means of coercion, or abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or abuse of a position of vulnerability, or by the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control of or over another person, for the purpose of exploitation”

3. This act applies to all forms of trafficking in persons, whether national or transnational and whether or not connected with an organized criminal group or network

Slavery

Constitution of Belize, 1981

“8.1. No person shall be held in slavery or servitude.
2. No person shall be required to perform forced labour.
3. For the purposes of this section, the expression “forced labour” does not include-

a. any labour required in consequence of the sentence or order of a court;
b. labour required of any person while he is lawfully detained that, though not required in consequence of the sentence or order of a court, is reasonably necessary in the interests of hygiene or for the maintenance of the place at which he is detained;
c. any labour required of a member of a disciplined force in pursuance of his duties as such or, in the case of a person who has conscientious objections to service as a member of a naval, military or air force, any labour that that person is required by law to perform in place of such service; or
d. any labour required during any period of public emergency or in the event of any accident or natural calamity that threatens the life and well-being of the community, to the extent that the requiring of such labour is reasonably justifiable in the circumstances of any situation arising or existing during that period or as a result of that accident or natural calamity, for the purpose of dealing with that situation.”

Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Act, 2013

“2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires –
“”practices similar to slavery”” has the meaning assigned to it in the Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, Slave Trade, and institutions and Practices Similar to Slavery; and includes debt bondage, serfdom, force servile marriages and delivery of children for exploitation;
“”slavery”” means the status or condition of a person over whom any or all the powers attaching to the rights of ownership are exercised;”

International Commitments
International Ratifications

ILO Forced Labour Convention, C029, Ratified 1983

ILO Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, C105, Ratified 1983

ILO Minimum Age Convention, C138, Ratified 2000 (minimum age specified: 14 years)

ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, C182, Ratified 2000

UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol), Accession 2003

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Ratified 1990

UN Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Ratified 2003

UN Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, Ratified 2003

National Action Plans, National Strategies

National Child Labor Policy

“Focuses on strengthening child labor laws, creating legislation to address existing gaps, and providing educational assistance to children who have been or who are currently engaged in child labor. Aims to strengthen government institutions and services and train labor officers. In 2017, the government and civil society stakeholders collaborated on a project to address child labor in the sugarcane industry.”

CARE Model

“Coordinates the protection, care, and monitoring of sexually exploited and trafficked children. Outlines the role of the Department of Human Services and the BPD in receiving allegations of commercial sexual exploitation of children and referring children to services. In 2017, this model was still used even though raids and surveillance have diminished due to decreased funding.”

National Results Framework for Children and Adolescents (Children’s Agenda) 2017–2030

“Launched in June 2017. Sets out the government’s agenda and priorities to protect the rights of children and adolescents including education, health, economic security and opportunity, and protection from discrimination, abuse, and exploitation, including child labor. Raises awareness of the role of families in promoting early childhood education.”

The Revised National Gender Policy, Updated Version 2013

Governments can take action to assist victims and to prevent and end the  perpetration of forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and child labour. These actions should be considered in wider societal efforts to reduce prevalence and move towards eradication of these forms of exploitation.

Programs and Agencies for Victim Support

Policies for Assistance
Policies for Assistance, Child Labour

Families and Children Act, 1998

“PART VIII Care and Protection of Children”

Policies for Assistance, Human Trafficking

Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Act, 2013

“24. Restitution
27. Victim not liable for immigration offence
Part 4: Assistance and Protection for Victims
49. Restriction on media reporting and publication”

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (Prohibition) Act, 2013

9.2. The procedures set out regarding aSsistance and Protection of Victims under the trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) ACt shall apply to victims of trafficking under this Act and are without prejudice to any other provisions set out in this Act.

“Part 3: Restitution to Victims and Related Provisions
22. Victims to be immune from prosecution”

“Part 4: Assistance to Victims and Related Provisions
26. Support for victim”

30 The Department responsible for children shall ensure that the best interest of the child victim is upheld by ensuring that the appropriate orders are sought under the Families and Children Act to secure the welfare of that child.

Penalties
Penalty, Forced Labour

Labour Act, 1959

199. Any person who commits an offence against this Act for which no special penalty is otherwise provided shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding two hundred and fifty dollars or to a period of imprisonment not exceeding six months.

Penalty, Child Labour

Labour Act, 1959

“172.-(1) If any person employs a child or young person in contravention of this Part or any regulations or Order made thereunder he commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two months, and in the case of a second or subsequent offence, to a fine not exceeding fifty dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding four months.
(2) If any parent or guardian of a child has conducted to the commission of the alleged offence by wilful default, or by habitually neglecting to exercise due care, he shall be liable to the like fine or imprisonment.”

173. When an offence of employing a child in contravention of this Part or of any regulations made thereunder is committed by an agent or workman of the employer, such agent or workman shall on summary conviction be liable to the like fine as if he were the employer.

174. Where a child is taken into employment on the production (by or with the privity of the parent or guardian) of a false or forged birth certificate, or on the false representation by his parent or guardian as to his age, such parent or guardian commits an offence and is liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding fifty dollars or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding four months.

Shops Ordinance, 1959

“3.-(1) No person under the age of fourteen years shall be employed in or about any shop.
(2) Any person acting in contravention of this section commits an offence.”

“31.-(1) Every person who commits an offence against this Act for which no penalty is expressly provided, commits an offence and liable to a fine not exceeding two hundred and fifty dollars to be recovered on summary conviction on the complaint of any person.
(2) Any complaint under this Act shall be preferred within six months of the commission of the offence complained of.
(3)Where a person has been convicted under this Act for neglecting or refusing to pay any money due from him to a shop assistant, the court may in addition to any other penalty, adjudge that person to pay such sum as in the opinion of the court represents the amount due to the shop assistant and the amount so awarded shall be regarded and dealt with in all respects as if it were a judgement of a district court under the District Courts (Procedure) Act.”

Penalty, Worst Forms of Child Labour

Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (Prohibition) Act, 2013

“Offence involving trafficking of a child
9.1. A person who engages in, conspires to engage in, or organizes or directs another person to engage in commercial sexual exploitation and that commercial sexual exploitation also involves the trafficking of a child, that person commits an offence under this Act and is also liable in accordance with the provisions of the trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Act.
9.3. The court shall impose the following adjustments to the sentence provided under the Trafficking Persons (Prohibition) Act of a person convicted of the offence of trafficking where the victim is a child

a. if the convicted person used, threatened use, or caused another person to use or threaten use of a dangerous weapon-two years shall be added to the sentence;
b. if the trafficked child suffers serious bodily injury, or if the convicted person commits a sexual assault against the trafficked child-five years shall be added to the sentence;
c. if, in the course of trafficking or subsequent sexual exploitation, the convicted person recklessly caused a trafficked child to be exposed to a life-threatening illness, or if the convicted person intentionally caused a trafficked child to become addicted to any drug or medication-five years shall be added to the sentence;
d. if the trafficked child suffers a permanent or life-threatening bodily injury-ten years shall be added to the sentence;
e. if the trafficked child dies as a result of the trafficking -the sentence shall be life imprisonment;
f. if the trafficking of a child was part of the activity of an organized criminal group or network as defined in section 2 of the trafficking in Persons Prohibition) act-three tears shall be added to the sentence;
g. if the trafficking of a child was part of the activity of an organized criminal group or network as defined in section 2 of the Trafficking in Persons /Prohibition) act, and the convicted person organized the group, or directed its activities-five years shall be added to the sentence;
h. if the trafficking of a child occurred as a result of the abuse of position where a person has authority or control over a child, or of a relationship of trust-five years shall be added to the sentence; or
i. if the trafficked child was subjected to inhuman or degrading treatment-eight years shall be added to the sentence “

“10. Attempt to or conspiracy to commit an offence
11. Offence of trading on earnings from sexual exploitation of a child
13. Extraterritoriality of offences
14. Aggravating Factors
15. Mandatory Life imprisonment for subsequent conviction”

Penalty, Human Trafficking

Trafficking in Persons (Prohibition) Act, 2013

11. Offences of trafficking in persons
14. Offence of facilitating exploitation, etc.
15. Offence of profiteering from trafficking in person
16. Offence of advertising
17. Offence of providing facilities in support of trafficking in persons
18. Offence of providing services for the purpose of trafficking in persons
19. Obligation of owner, operator or master of conveyance
20. Additional penalties in relation to a body corporate
21. Intentional omission to give information
22. Offence by a person in public office
23. Offences of unlawfully withholding identification papers
28. Power of the court to impose higher sentence for aggravated circumstances

Data Commitments

A Call to Action to End Forced Labour, Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking, Not signed

1.ii. Take steps to measure, monitor and share data on prevalence and response to all such forms of exploitation, as appropriate to national circumstances;

Programs and Agencies for Enforcement

Measures to address the drivers of vulnerability to exploitation can be key to effective prevention. A broad range of social protections are thought to reduce the likelihood that an individual will be at risk of exploitation, especially when coverage of those protections extends to the most vulnerable groups.

Social Protection Coverage: General (at Least One)
Social Protection (Source: ILO)

The seminal ILO paper on the economics of forced labour, Profits and Poverty, explains the hypothesis that social protection can mitigate the risks that arise when a household is vulnerable to sudden income shocks, helping to prevent labour exploitation. It also suggests that access to education and skills training can enhance the bargaining power of workers and prevent children in particular from becoming victims of forced labour. Measures to promote social inclusion and address discrimination against women and girls may also go a long way towards preventing forced labour.

If a country does not appear on a chart, this indicates that there is no recent data available for the particular social protection visualized.

Social Protection Coverage: Unemployed
Social Protection Coverage: Pension
Social Protection Coverage: Vulnerable Groups
Social Protection Coverage: Poor
Social Protection Coverage: Children
Social Protection Coverage: Disabled

Delta 8.7 has received no Official Response to this dashboard from Belize. If you are a representative of Belize and wish to submit an Official Response, please contact us here.