Data Dashboards

Lao People’s Democratic Republic
Measurement
Measuring the Change

using prevalence data providing the widest temporal coverage of the most complete and comparable measures available by ICLS standards.

Child labour data with a complete statistical definition is only provided for 2010. There is no change to report.

%
Best Target 8.7 Data: Child Labour Rate


The data visualization displays yearly child labour statistics based on a variety of nationally-representative household surveys. All years of data hold up to standards set by interagency collaboration between ILO, UNICEF and World Bank, though, in some cases are not perfectly comparable between years. Detailed information on each data point is provided in the Measurement tab (above).

Data Availability
  • Child labour: ILO/UNICEF data
  • Forced labour: No nationally representative data
  • Human trafficking: No nationally representative data
Context
Human Development

Human Development Index Score: 0.601 (2017)

Mean School Years: 5.2 years (2015)

Labour Indicators

Vulnerable Employment: 83.9% (2010)

Working Poverty Rate: 46% (2016)

Government Efforts
  • ILO Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, P029: Not ratified
  • ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, C182: Ratified 2005
  • UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol): Accession 2003
Social Protection Coverage

General (at least one): Not available

Unemployed: Not available

Pension: 5.60% (2010)

Vulnerable: Not available

Children: Not available

Disabled: Not available

Poor: Not available

Measurement of child labour prevalence has evolved considerably over the past two decades. Estimates of child labour incidence are more robust and exist for more countries than any other form of exploitation falling under SDG Target 8.7.

Child Labour Rate, Aged 5-17 (Source: ILO)

Based on the international conventions and the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS)  resolution, and consistent with the approach utilized in the ILO global child labour estimates exercise, the statistical definition of child labour used includes:

a) children aged 5-11 years in all forms of economic activity;
b) children aged 12-14 years in all forms of economic activity except permissible “light” work;
c) children and adolescents aged 15-17 years in hazardous work; and
d) children aged 5-14 years performing household chores for at least 21 hours per week.

In the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, data on the percentage of child labour is provided for 2010. 

The chart displays differences in the percentage of children aged 5-17 in child labour by sex and region.

Children in Hazardous Work, Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Hazardous child labour is the largest category of the worst forms of child labour with an estimated 73 million children aged 5-17 working in dangerous conditions in a wide range of sectors. Worldwide, the ILO estimates that some 22,000 children are killed at work every year.

In the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the latest estimates show that 3.9 percent of children aged 5-14 were engaged in hazardous work in 2010. Only the measure provided for 2010 covers the full definition of hazardous work and cannot be compared directly with data from other sample years.

The chart displays differences in the percentage of children aged 5-14 in hazardous labour by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2006 and 2010.

Children in Hazardous Work, Aged 15-17 (Source: ILO)

Children aged 15-17 are permitted to engage in economic activities by international conventions in most cases, except when the work is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children (Article 3 (d) of ILO Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour, 1999 (No. 182)).

In the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, the latest estimates show that 25.8 percent of children aged 15-17 were engaged in hazardous work in 2010.

The chart displays differences in the percentage of children aged 15-17 in hazardous labour by sex and region.

Weekly Work Hours, Children Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Children aged 5-11 are considered to be subjected to child labour when engaging in any form of economic activity. Children aged 12-14 are permitted to engage in “light” work that is not considered hazardous and falls below 14 hours per week.

According to the latest 2010 estimates, the average number of hours worked per week by children aged 5-14 in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic was 41.1 hours. The average number of hours worked has increased from 11 hours in 2006.

The chart displays differences in the number of hours that children aged 5-14 work in economic activities by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2006 and 2010.

Weekly Work Hours, Children Only in Economic Activity, Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Children not attending school who are engaged in economic activity can be subjected to longer working hours. 

In 2010, the latest year with available data, children in economic activity only, meaning they are not in school, worked an average of 41.8 hours per week. This number has increased since 2006, when the average number of hours worked by this age group was 16.4.

The chart displays differences in the number of hours worked by children aged 5-14 who are not in school, by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2006 and 2010.

Weekly Hours Household Chores, Children Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Researchers recognize that children involved in economic activities are not the only children working. The ICLS recommended definition of child labour includes children aged 5-14 performing household chores for at least 21 hours per week. 

Children aged 5-14, on average, are found to work on household chores 6.6 hours per week according to the 2010 estimate. This estimate represents a decrease in hours worked across all age groups since the last estimate in 2006, which found that children aged 5-14 in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic worked an average of 8.8 hours per week.

The chart displays differences in the number of hours children aged 5-14 work on household chores by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2006 and 2010.

Children in Economic Activity by Sector, Aged 5-14: Total (Source: ILO)

Identifying the sectors in which the most child labour exists can help policy actors and practitioners target efforts toward those industries. 

The latest data available on child labour by sector for the Lao People’s Democratic Republic is from 2010. By the 2010 estimate, the Agriculture sector had the most child labourers, followed by the Manufacturing sector and the Commerce, Hotels and Restaurants sector.

The chart to the right displays child labour prevalence in each sector for all children. The charts below show the differences in child labour by sector with comparisons between groups by sex and region. 

Children in Economic Activity by Sector, Aged 5-14: Sex (Source: ILO)
Children in Economic Activity by Sector, Aged 5-14: Area (Source: ILO)

Measuring the incidence of forced labour is a much more recent endeavour and presents unique methodological challenges compared to the measurement of child labour.

No nationally representative data is available on forced labour prevalence in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic.

Visit the How to Measure the Change page for information on new guidelines presented by the International Labour Organization and adopted by the International Conference of Labour Statisticians.

The challenges in estimating human trafficking are similar to those of estimating forced labour, though recent innovations in estimation have begun to produce prevalence estimates in developed countries.

No nationally representative data is available on human trafficking prevalence in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic.

Visit the How to Measure the Change page to learn about measuring human trafficking prevalence, including information on collecting data through national referral mechanisms and producing prevalence statistics using Multiple Systems Estimation (MSE).

Case Data: International and Non-Governmental Organizations

Civil society organizations (CSOs) focused on human trafficking victim assistance can serve as crucial sources of data given their ability to reach a population that is notoriously difficult to sample.

Counter Trafficking Data Collaborative (CTDC): The International Organization for Migration (IOM), Polaris and Liberty Asia have launched a global data repository on human trafficking, with data contributed by counter-trafficking partner organizations around the world. Not only does the CTDC serve as a central repository for this critical information, it also publishes normed and harmonized data from various organizations using a unified schema. This global dataset facilitates an unparalleled level of cross-border, trans-agency analysis and provides the counter-trafficking movement with a deeper understanding of this complex issue. Equipped with this information, decision makers will be empowered to create more targeted and effective intervention strategies.

Prosecution Data

UNODC compiles a global dataset on detected and prosecuted traffickers, which serves as the basis in their Global Report for country profiles. This information is beginning to paint a picture of trends over time, and case-specific information can assist investigators and prosecutors.

Key aspects of human development, such as poverty and lack of education, are found to be associated with risk of exploitation. Policies that address these issues may indirectly contribute to getting us closer to achieving Target 8.7.

Human Development Index (Source: UNDP)

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of achievements in three key dimensions of human development: (1) a long and healthy life; (2) access to knowledge; and (3) a decent standard of living. Human development can factor into issues of severe labour exploitation in multiple ways.

The chart displays information on human development in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic between 1990 and 2015. Only certain sample years have data disaggregated by sex. 

The most recent year of the HDI, 2015, shows that the average human development score in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic is 0.586. This score indicates medium human development.

HDI Education Index (Source: UNDP)

Lack of education and illiteracy are key factors that make both children and adults more vulnerable to exploitive labour conditions.

As the seminal ILO report Profits and Poverty explains:

“Adults with low education levels and children whose parents are not educated are at higher risk of forced labour. Low education levels and illiteracy reduce employment options for workers and often force them to accept work under poor conditions. Furthermore, individuals who can read contracts may be in a better position to recognize situations that could lead to exploitation and coercion.”

The bars on the chart represent the Education Index score and the line traces the mean years of education in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic over time.

Decent work, a major component of SDG 8 overall, has clear implications on the forms of exploitation within Target 8.7. Identifying shortcomings in the availability of equitable, safe and stable employment can be a step in the right direction towards achieving Target 8.7.

Vulnerable Employment (Source: UNDP)

There are reasons to believe that certain types of labour and labour arrangements are more likely to lead to labour exploitation. According to the ILO:

“Own-account workers and contributing family workers have a lower likelihood of having formal work arrangements, and are therefore more likely to lack elements associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and a voice at work. The two statuses are summed to create a classification of ‘vulnerable employment’, while wage and salaried workers together with employers constitute ‘non-vulnerable employment’.”

Between 1995 and 2010, the Lao People’s Democratic Republic showed a decrease in the proportion of workers in vulnerable employment as compared to those in secure employment.

Working Poverty Rate (Source: ILO)

Labour income tells us about a household’s vulnerability. As the ILO explains in Profits and Poverty

“Poor households find it particularly difficult to deal with income shocks, especially when they push households below the food poverty line. In the presence of such shocks, men and women without social protection nets tend to borrow to smooth consumption, and to accept any job for themselves or their children, even under exploitative conditions.”

ILO indicators that measure poverty with respect to the labour force include working poverty rate, disaggregated by sex, with temporal coverage spanning from 2000 to 2016. The chart displays linear trends in working poverty rate over time for all individuals over 15 years of age.

Labour Productivity (Source: ILO)

Labour productivity is an important economic indicator that is closely linked to economic growth, competitiveness, and living standards within an economy.” However, when increased labour output does not produce rising wages, this can point to increasing inequality. As indicated by a recent ILO report (2015), there is a “growing disconnect between wages and productivity growth, in both developed and emerging economies”. The lack of decent work available increases vulnerability to situations of labour exploitation. 

Labour productivity represents the total volume of output (measured in terms of Gross Domestic Product, GDP) produced per unit of labour (measured in terms of the number of employed persons) during a given period.

Research to date suggests that a major factor in vulnerability to labour exploitation is broader social vulnerability, marginalization or exclusion.

Creating effective policy to prevent and protect individuals from forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and child labour means making sure that all parts of the population are covered, particularly the most vulnerable groups, including migrants.

According to the 2016 Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: “Almost one of every four victims of forced labour were exploited outside their country of residence, which points to the high degree of risk associated with migration in the modern world, particularly for migrant women and children.”

As IOM explains: “Although most migration is voluntary and has a largely positive impact on individuals and societies, migration, particularly irregular migration, can increase vulnerability to human trafficking and exploitation.” UNODC similarly notes that: “The vulnerability to being trafficked is greater among refugees and migrants in large movements.”

There is no visualization for the Lao People’s Democratic Republic as there is not a sufficient amount of data available.

Achieving SDG Target 8.7 will require national governments to take direct action against the forms of exploitation through policy implementation.

Official Definitions
Forced Labour

Labour Law, 2013
Article 3 (Revised) Interpretation of Terms
The terms used in this law shall have the following meanings:

23. Using labor by force means the use of labor where the employee does not voluntarily accept the assigned work or which is inconsistent with the employment contract, any forceful use of the employee or working population for the benefit of an individual or group;

Article 5 (Revised) Principles of labor affairs
Labor-related affairs shall operate based on the following principles:
5.7 No forced labor in any form;

Article 59 (New) Unauthorized Use of Forced Labor
No matter in what form, the use of forced labor is not authorized except in the following cases:

59.1. The use of labor in accordance with the law for national defense, or for national security;
59.2 The use of labor in the event of emergencies, including fires, natural disasters or disease epidemics;
59.3 The undertaking of work resulting from a court decision under the administration of relevant government officials;
59.4 The undertaking of group work in accordance with the decision of local authorities, organizations, or associations to which the employee is attached or is a member.

Article 141 Prohibitions for Employers
The employer is prohibited from the following actions:

141.3 Using forced labor of any kind, whether directly or indirectly;

Child Labour

Labour Law, 2013
Article 3 (Revised) Interpretation of Terms
The terms used in this law shall have the following meanings:

3.10 Youth labor means employees aged between twelve and under eighteen years;
3.11 Child labor means youth labor unauthorized to work in dangerous jobs or sectors, working overtime, or undertaking hard labor, including children under the age of twelve years undertaking economic work;
3.21 Light work for youth means work that is not dangerous to health, both physically and mentally, and which does not affect the development of the body, mind or psychology, or the studies of the youth employee;
3.22 Hazardous work means all types of work that entail an element of dangerous risk to the health of the body, the mind, the psychological makeup or personal safety of the employee;

Article 101 (Revised) Acceptance of Youth Employees
Employers may accept employees under the age of eighteen years but not younger than fourteen years; however, they are prohibited from working overtime.
When necessary, the employer may accept and use youth employees under the age of fourteen, but not younger than twelve years, and must ensure the work is light work such as:

101.1 Work that will not negatively impact the body, psychology or mind;
101.2 Work that will not obstruct attendance of school, professional guidance or vocational training.

The list of light work is specified separately.

Article 141 Prohibitions for Employers
The employer is prohibited from the following actions:

141.5 Employing persons under the age of twelve years;

Law on Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Children, 2014
Article 4. Definitions
Wherever used in this law, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
Child labour means admission of children aged below the working age, employment of children to work that is dangerous or at dangerous working places, work for more than the working hours as stipulated under the Labour Law and other relevant rules and regulations.

Worst Forms of Child Labour

Labour Law, 2013
Article 102 (New) Unauthorized Use of Youth Employees
Cases wherein the use of youth employees is prohibited are as follows:

102.1 Work in activities, duties and locations that are unsafe, dangerous to the health of the body, psychology or mind;
102.2 Forced labor;
102.3 Work to repay debts;
102.4. Human trafficking;
102.5 Trade or deception into the sex industry or solicitation of prostitution, photography or pornography;
102.6 Trade or deception into the movement and production, transportation, possession of narcotics or addictive substances.

The list of hazardous works is specified separately.

Human Trafficking

Law on Anti-Trafficking in Persons, 2015Article 2 Trafficking in Persons
Trafficking in persons shall mean recruitment, abduction, movement, transportation or transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of persuasion, recommending, deception, payment or giving benefit, inducement, incitement or abuse of power, the use of threat or other forms of coercion, debt bondage, concealed child adoption, concealed engagement, concealed marriage, pregnancy for other, forced bagging, producing, showing and publishing pornographic materials or by other forms for the labour exploitation, sexual exploitation, slavery, prostitution, involuntary prostitution, removal of organs for purpose of trade and other forms of unlawful conducts contradicting to the national fine culture and traditions or for other purposes to gain benefits.

Article 4 Explanatory Notes
The terms using in this law shall have the following meanings:

4.1 Slavery shall mean the status of a person who does not have his or her fundamental human rights as a result of being under the dominance and control of a person exploiting him/her;
4.2 Labour exploitation shall mean forced labour, excessive workload or overtime working without remuneration or with inadequate remuneration as agreed;
4.3 Sexual exploitation shall mean forcing another person into sexual slavery, prostitution, pornography activities or to provide other forms of sexual services;

30. Child shall mean any person below the age of 18;

Slavery

Law on Anti-Trafficking in Persons, 2015
Article 4 Explanatory Notes
The terms using in this law shall have the following meanings:

4.1 Slavery shall mean the status of a person who does not have his or her fundamental human rights as a result of being under the dominance and control of a person exploiting him/her;

International Commitments
National Strategies

Country Gender Action Plan for Lao PDR 2017-2021

“This country gender action plan (CGAP) is formulated to facilitate dialogue within the World Bank Group (WBG) and with the Government of Lao People’s Democratic Republic (PDR) in addressing gender-related priorities in Lao PDR in order to achieve the goals set in the five-year national plan on promoting gender equality and the 8th national socio-economic development plan (NSEDP) 2016-2020. The CGAP aims to contribute to inclusive development and poverty reduction by reducing gaps between men, women, and ethnic groups and promoting human development and economic opportunities. The plan identifies gender priorities in line with the conclusion from the systematic country diagnostic (SCD) and the focus areas of the country partnership framework (CPF), which aligns with the 8th NSEDP.”

Ending Violence Against Children in Lao PDR: A multi-sectoral response to the national Violence against Children Survey, 2018

National Plan of Action 2016-2020 (Trafficking in Persons)

National Plan of Action to prevent and eliminate violence against women and violence against children 2014-2020

National Plan for Prevention and Elimination of Child Labour in Lao PDR 2014–2020

International Ramifications

ILO Forced Labour Convention, C029, Ratification 1964

ILO Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, C105, Not signed

ILO Minimum Age Convention, C138, Ratification 2005 (Minimum age specified: 14 years)

ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, C182, Ratification 2005

Slavery Convention 1926 and amended by the Protocol of 1953, Not signed

UN Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, Accession 1957

UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol), Accession 2003

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Accession 1991

UN Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Accession 2006

UN Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, Accession 2006

 

 

 

Governments take action that assists victims and prevents or ends perpetration of modern slavery, forced labour, child labour and human trafficking. These actions should be considered in efforts to reduce prevalence and move towards eradication of these forms of exploitation.

Programs and Agencies for Victim Support

Policies for Assistance
Policies for Assistance, general

Law on Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Children, 2014

Part IV

Protection, Assistance, and Protection Measures for Victims of Violence Chapter 1

Protection and Assistance to the Victims

Law on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of Children, 2006

Defines principles, rules and measures relating to the administration, monitoring and inspection of the implementation of the protection of the rights and interests of multi-ethnic children, including measures against those committing offences towards children, in order to ensure that children are whole in body, mind and spirit1, so that children have good attitude, knowledge and ability and are able to have good lives in the society and become good successors of the nation. Includes penalties for employment of children under 14 years of age and employing children over the limit of hours or to perform heavy work as prescribed by the Labour Law (articles 83 and 84).

Policies for Assistance, Human Trafficking

Law on Anti-Trafficking in Persons, 2015

Article 4 Explanatory Notes

The terms using in this law shall have the following meanings:

4.6 Protection of Victims shall mean the rescue, referral, maintenance of the safety and confidentiality of the victim of trafficking in persons;

4.7 Victim Assistance shall mean the provision of a temporary safe shelter and necessary items for daily use, medical treatment, legal assistance, education
and vocational training, economic support and reintegration services;

Penalties
Penalties, General

Labour Law, 2013
Article 179 Measures Against Violators
Any individual or legal entity that violates this law shall be re-educated, warned, fined, subject to temporary suspension of business, subject to withdrawal of business license or brought to court proceedings based on the nature of the offence, including having to compensate for the civil damage caused, as regulated by the laws and regulations.

Penal Code, 2017

Law on Preventing and Combating Violence Against Women and Children, 2014
Article 75. Measures against the Violator
An individual, legal entity or organization that violates the provisions of this law particularly prohibitions as determined in Article 45 And 46 of this law, shall be re-educated, disciplined, and be liable for fine, civil compensation or criminal punishment according to the nature and degree of severity of the violation.

Article 76. Re-education Measures
An individual, legal entity or organization that has committed violence against women or children within the family, their staff member, employee or other people [,] that does not cause much harm and it is the first time [,] shall be warned and re-educated with record.

Article 77. Disciplinary Measures
A public servant or government official [,] who has committed violence against women or children or violates the provisions of prohibitions as defined in Article 45 of this law [,] [and such behavior] is not a criminal offence [,] shall have any of the following disciplinary measures imposed on a case by case basis according to the regulation on public servants:

a. Being blamed, warned and [such behavior or act] shall be recorded in her or his personnel records;
b. Having his or her promotion, salary level, [and] awards suspended;
c. Being dismissed from his or her position or transferred to another lower position;
d. Being dismissed from public service without any incentive.

Article 78. Civil Measures
An individual, legal entity or organization [,] that has committed violence against women or children causing physical, health, life or property harm such as physical assault, obstruction to perform rights and obligations, illegal dismissal from work, forced sex [,] must be liable for civil compensation of damage caused such as costs of medical treatment, psychological rehabilitation, loss of income.

Article 79. Criminal Measures
Any individual [,] who has committed violence against women or children as defined as a criminal offence, will have legal proceedings taken against them and punished as stipulated in the Criminal Law. In addition, the following perpetrators of violence will be also punished as follows:

a. Any individual who forces his own wife to has sex will be imprisoned from three months to one year or punished without deprivation of liberty and will be fined from 300,000 Kip to 1,000,000 Kip. In cases where forced sex caused serious injury the punishment will be one year to five years imprisonment and will be fined from 1,000,000 Kip to 3,000,000 Kip.
b. Any individual who has sex with girls or boys below eighteen years old to fifteen years old will be imprisoned from three months to one year or punished without deprivation of liberty and will be fined from 1,000,000 Kip to 2,000,000 Kip. Cases where a person has sex with children below 15 years old to 12 years old will be imprisoned from one year to five years and will be fined from 2,000,000 Kip to 5,000,000 Kip. Cases where a person has sex with children below 12 years old will be considered as child rape and will be punished from seven to fifteen years imprisonment and will be fined from 7,000,000 Kip to 15,000,000 Kip.
c. Any individual who forces any person under is/her care to get married, [or] divorced or obstruct a marriage or divorce will be punished by imprisonment of three months to one year or punished without deprivation of liberty and will be fined from 300,000 Kip to 1,000,000 Kip. In cases where a person forces a child under 18 years of age to get married [that person] will be punished by imprisonment of one year to three years and will be fined from 1,000,000 Kip to 3,000,000 Kip.
d. Any individual who discriminates against children will be punished by imprisonment of one year to three years and will be fined from 1,000,000 Kip to 3,000,000 Kip.

Article 80. Criminal Measures against Those who do not Assist the Victim
Any Individual [,] who does not assist women or child victims of violence that are serious [cases of] violence where she or he is capable of giving such assistance, shall be liable for criminal responsibility as provided for in the Penal Law.

Penalties, Child Labour

Law on the Protection of the Rights and Interests of Children, 2006
Article 87. Using Child Labour
Any person using child labour in hazardous sectors, and who has been subject to administrative measures but has repeated the offence, shall be punished by imprisonment from three months to one year and fined from 1,000,000 Kip to 2,000,000 Kip.
If such use of child labour causes disability or death to the child, [such person] shall be punished by imprisonment from three years to seven years and fined from 3,000,000 Kip to 7,000,000 Kip.

Article 90. Trafficking in Children
Any person who commits an offence of trafficking in children shall be punished by imprisonment from five years to fifteen years and fined from 10,000,000 Kip to 100,000,000 Kip and shall have his assets confiscated as provided in Article 134 of the Penal Law.

Article 91. Civil Measures
In addition to the penalties stipulated in Articles 85 to 90 of this law, the offender shall pay compensation for damages such as medical treatment, moral injury, sick leave, travel, food and accommodation and other damages.

Penalties, Human Trafficking

Law on Anti-Trafficking in Persons, 2015
Article 72 Prohibitions for Relevant Government Officials
It is prohibited for government officials to undertake any following acts:
72.1 Receiving or demanding for bribery, abusing power or position to gain personal benefits;
72.2 Disclosing information on the victims without permission;
72.3 Ignoring, being bias or unfair, discriminating when performing duties;
72.4 Inciting or creating conditions to facilitate any act of trafficking in persons; Undertaking any other act violating laws and regulations.

Article 73 Prohibitions for Individuals, Legal Entities and other Organizations
It is prohibited for individuals, legal entities and other organizations to undertake any following acts:
73.1 Recruiting, campaigning, transporting or transferring, threatening, forcing, coercing, abusing power or position, offering benefits, deceiving, inciting, guiding, assisting or facilitating others to commit trafficking in persons;
73.2 Receiving and giving bribery;
73.3 Revenging or treating persons who provide assistance for and protection to the victims of trafficking in persons;
73.4 Preventing or obstructing witnesses from giving statements or cooperating in the fight against trafficking in persons;
73.5 Undertaking any form of propaganda or persuasion for the purpose of trafficking in persons;
73.5 Undertaking any other act violating laws and regulations.

Article 85 Measures against Violators
Individuals, legal entities, organizations and families which violate this law, in particular the provisions of Art. 72 and 73 shall be subject to re-educational or disciplinary measures, payment of compensation or punishment depending on the degree of the violation.

Article 86 Re-educational Measures
Individuals, legal entities, organizations and families which do not cooperate in the fighting against trafficking in persons notably in prevention, protection of and assistance to the victims and investigation shall be subject to re-educational measures and warning.

Article 87 Disciplinary Measures
Any state or government official who violates any prohibition as prescribed in Art. 72 of this law in minor manner that is not considered as a criminal offence and hasn’t caused serious consequences, but the violator does not faithfully report about his or her incidence or intentionally attempts to escape from the liability, shall be subject to disciplinary proceedings in accordance with the laws and regulations.

Article 88 Civil Measures
Individuals, legal entities, organizations and families violating this law and causing damages to other persons shall be liable for such damages.

Article 89 Penal Measures
Any person who has committed an offence of trafficking in persons shall be punished with five to fifteen years of imprisonment and shall be fined from 10,000,000 Kip to 100,000,000 Kip, and shall be subject to confiscation of property as stipulated in the Penal Law.

a. In cases this offence is committed in habitual manner, as part of organized crimes or by group of persons, where the victims are children, there are more than two victims, the victims are close relatives of the offenders, the victims are suffered from serious physical injury, becoming physically disabled or mentally disordered, the offender shall be punished with fifteen to twenty years of imprisonment and shall be fined from 100,000,000 Kip to 500,000,000 and shall be subject to confiscation of property as stipulated in the Penal Law.
b. In cases the victim has suffered a lifetime disability, or infected with HIV/AIDS as result of trafficking in persons, the offender shall be punished with life imprisonment and shall be fined from 500,000,000 Kip to 1,000,000,000 Kip, and shall be subject to confiscation of property as stipulated in the Penal Law, or shall be subject to capital punishment.
Preparation, attempts to commit an offence shall also be subject to punishment.

Programs and Agencies for Enforcement

Measures to address the drivers of vulnerability to exploitation can be key to effective prevention. A broad range of social protections are thought to reduce the likelihood that an individual will be at risk of exploitation, especially when coverage of those protections extends to the most vulnerable groups.

Social Protection Coverage: General (At Least One)
Social Protections (Source: ILO)

The seminal ILO paper on the economics of forced labour, Profits and Poverty, explains the hypothesis that social protection can mitigate the risks that arise when a household is vulnerable to sudden income shocks, helping to prevent labour exploitation. It also suggests that access to education and skills training can enhance the bargaining power of workers and prevent children in particular from becoming victims of forced labour. Measures to promote social inclusion and address discrimination against women and girls may also go a long way towards preventing forced labour. 

If a country does not appear on a chart, this indicates that there is no recent data available for the particular social protection visualized.

Social Protection Coverage: Unemployed
Social Protection Coverage: Pension
Social Protection Coverage: Vulnerable Groups
Social Protection Coverage: Poor
Social Protection Coverage: Children
Social Protection Coverage: Disabled

Delta 8.7 has received no Official Response to this dashboard from the Lao People’s Democratic Republic. If you are a representative of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic and wish to submit an Official Response, please contact us here.