Data Dashboards

Togo
Measurement
Measuring the Change

using prevalence data providing the widest temporal coverage of the most complete and comparable measures available by ICLS standards.

Child labour data with a complete statistical definition is only provided for 2009. There is no change to report.

%
Best Target 8.7 Data: Child Labour Rate

The data visualization displays yearly child labour statistics based on a variety of nationally-representative household surveys. All years of data hold up to standards set by interagency collaboration between ILO, UNICEF and World Bank, though, in some cases are not perfectly comparable between years. Detailed information on each data point is provided in the Measurement tab (above).

Data Availability
  • Child labour: ILO/UNICEF data
  • Forced labour: No nationally representative data
  • Human trafficking: No nationally representative data
Context
Human Development

Human Development Index Score: 0.513 (2018)

Mean School Years: 5.0 years (2018)

Labour Indicators

Vulnerable Employment: 77.4% (2018)

Working Poverty Rate: 35.1% (2020)

Government Efforts
Key Ratifications
  • ILO Protocol of 2014 to the Forced Labour Convention, P029: Not Ratified
  • ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, C182: Ratified 2000
  • UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol): Ratified 2009
Social Protection Coverage

General (at least one): No data

Unemployed: 0.7% (2017)

Pension: 19.0% (2017)

Vulnerable: No data

Children: 49.0% (2017)

Disabled: No data

Poor: No data

Measurement of child labour prevalence has evolved considerably over the past two decades. Estimates of child labour incidence are more robust and exist for more countries than any other form of exploitation falling under SDG Target 8.7.

Child Labour Rate, Aged 5-17 (Source: ILO)

Based on the international conventions and the International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS)  resolution, and consistent with the approach utilized in the ILO global child labour estimates exercise, the statistical definition of child labour used includes: 

a) children aged 5-11 years in all forms of economic activity;
b) children aged 12-14 years in all forms of economic activity except permissible “light” work;
c) children and adolescents aged 15-17 years in hazardous work; and
d) children aged 5-14 years performing household chores for at least 21 hours per week.

In Togo, data on the percentage of child labourers is provided for 2010. The measures provided for 2000 and 2014 do not cover the full definition of hazardous work and cannot be compared directly with data from other sample years. 

The chart displays differences in the percentage of children aged 5-17 in child labour by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2000, 2009 and 2014. 

 

Children in Hazardous Work, Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Hazardous child labour is the largest category of the worst forms of child labour with an estimated 73 million children aged 5-17 working in dangerous conditions in a wide range of sectors. Worldwide, the ILO estimates that some 22,000 children are killed at work every year.

In Togo, the latest estimates show that percent of children aged 5-14 were engaged in hazardous work in 2009. Only the measure provided for 2009 covers the full definition of hazardous work and cannot be compared directly with data from other sample years. 

The chart displays differences in the percentage of children aged 5-14 in hazardous labour by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2000, 2006, 2009, 2010 and 2014. 

 

Children in Hazardous Work, Aged 15-17 (Source: ILO)

Children aged 15-17 are permitted to engage in economic activities by international conventions in most cases, except when the work is likely to harm the health, safety or morals of children (Article 3 (d) of ILO Convention concerning the Prohibition and Immediate Action for the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour, 1999 (No. 182)). 

In Togo, the latest estimates show that 18.4 percent of children aged 15-17 were engaged in hazardous work in 2009. Only the measure provided for 2009 covers the full definition of hazardous work and cannot be compared directly data from other sample years. 

The chart displays differences in the percentage of children aged 15-17 in hazardous labour by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2000, 2009 and 2014. 

Weekly Work Hours, Children Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Children aged 5-11 are considered to be subjected to child labour when engaging in any form of economic activity. Children aged 12-14 are permitted to engage in “light” work that is not considered hazardous and falls below 14 hours per week.

According to the latest 2014 estimates, the average number of hours worked per week by children aged 5-14 in Togo was 9.2 hours. The average number of hours worked has decreased from 9.6 hours in 2010.

The chart displays differences in the number of hours that children aged 5-14 work in economic activities by sex and region. The sample includes all children of this age group. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2000, 2006, 2009, 2010 and 2014. 

Weekly Work Hours Children Only in Economic Activity, Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Children not attending school who are engaged in economic activity can be subjected to longer working hours. 

In 2014, the latest year with available data, children in economic activity only, meaning they are not in school, worked an average of 15.7 hours per week. This number has increased since 2010, when the average number of hours worked by this age group was 15.5. 

The chart displays differences in the number of hours worked by children aged 5-14 who are not in school, by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2000, 2006, 2009, 2010 and 2014.

Weekly Hours Household Chores, Children Aged 5-14 (Source: ILO)

Researchers recognize that children involved in economic activities are not the only children working. The ICLS recommended definition of child labour includes children aged 5-14 performing household chores for at least 21 hours per week. 

Children aged 5-14, on average, are found to work on household chores 9.4 hours per week according to the 2014 estimate. This estimate represents a decrease in hours worked across all age groups since the last estimate in 2010, which found that children aged 5-14 in Togo worked an average of 9.5 hours per week.

The chart displays differences in the number of hours children aged 5-14 work on household chores by sex and region. Complete disaggregated data to compare groups is provided for 2000, 2006, 2010 and 2014. 

 

Children in Economic Activity by Sector, Aged 5-14: total (Source: ILO)

Identifying the sectors in which the most child labour exists can help policy actors and practitioners target efforts toward those industries. 

The latest data available on child labour by sector for Togo is from 2009. By the 2009 estimate, the Agriculture sector had the most child labourers, followed by the Commerce, Hotels and Restaurants sector, the Other Services sector, the Manufacturing sector and the Construction, Mining and Other Industrial Sectors.

The chart to the right displays child labour prevalence in each sector for all children. The charts below show the differences in child labour by sector with comparisons between groups by sex and region. 

 

Children in Economic Activity by Sector, Aged 5-14: sex (Source: ILO)
Children in Economic Activity by Sector, Aged 5-14: area (Source: ILO)

Measuring the incidence of forced labour is a much more recent endeavour and presents unique methodological challenges compared to the measurement of child labour.

 

No nationally representative data is available on forced labour prevalence in Togo.

Visit the How to Measure the Change page for information on new guidelines presented by the International Labour Organization and adopted by the International Conference of Labour Statisticians.

The challenges in estimating human trafficking are similar to those of estimating forced labour, though recent innovations in estimation have begun to produce prevalence estimates in developed countries.

No nationally representative data is available on human trafficking prevalence in Togo.

Visit the How to Measure the Change page to learn about measuring human trafficking prevalence, including information on collecting data through national referral mechanisms and producing prevalence statistics using Multiple Systems Estimation (MSE).

Case Data: International and Non-Governmental Organizations

Civil society organizations (CSOs) focused on human trafficking victim assistance can serve as crucial sources of data given their ability to reach a population that is notoriously difficult to sample.

Counter Trafficking Data Collaborative (CTDC): The International Organization for Migration (IOM), Polaris and Liberty Asia have launched a global data repository on human trafficking, with data contributed by counter-trafficking partner organizations around the world. Not only does the CTDC serve as a central repository for this critical information, it also publishes normed and harmonized data from various organizations using a unified schema. This global dataset facilitates an unparalleled level of cross-border, trans-agency analysis and provides the counter-trafficking movement with a deeper understanding of this complex issue. Equipped with this information, decision makers will be empowered to create more targeted and effective intervention strategies.

Prosecution Data

UNODC compiles a global dataset on detected and prosecuted traffickers, which serves as the basis in their Global Report for country profiles. This information is beginning to paint a picture of trends over time, and case-specific information can assist investigators and prosecutors.

Key aspects of human development, such as poverty and lack of education, are found to be associated with risk of exploitation. Policies that address these issues may indirectly contribute to getting us closer to achieving Target 8.7.

Human Development Index (Source: UNDP)

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of achievements in three key dimensions of human development: (1) a long and healthy life; (2) access to knowledge; and (3) a decent standard of living. Human development can factor into issues of severe labour exploitation in multiple ways.

The chart displays information on human development in Togo between 1990 and 2018. Only certain sample years have data disaggregated by sex. 

The most recent year of the HDI, 2018, shows that the average human development score in Togo is 0.513. This score indicates that human development is low.

HDI Education Index (Source: UNDP)

Lack of education and illiteracy are key factors that make both children and adults more vulnerable to exploitive labour conditions.

As the seminal ILO report Profits and Poverty explains:

“Adults with low education levels and children whose parents are not educated are at higher risk of forced labour. Low education levels and illiteracy reduce employment options for workers and often force them to accept work under poor conditions. Furthermore, individuals who can read contracts may be in a better position to recognize situations that could lead to exploitation and coercion.”

The bars on the chart represent the Education Index score and the line traces the mean years of education in Togo over time.

 

Decent work, a major component of SDG 8 overall, has clear implications on the forms of exploitation within Target 8.7. Identifying shortcomings in the availability of equitable, safe and stable employment can be a step in the right direction towards achieving Target 8.7.

HDI Vulnerable Employment (Source: UNDP)

There are reasons to believe that certain types of labour and labour arrangements are more likely to lead to labour exploitation. According to the ILO:

“Own-account workers and contributing family workers have a lower likelihood of having formal work arrangements, and are therefore more likely to lack elements associated with decent employment, such as adequate social security and a voice at work. The two statuses are summed to create a classification of ‘vulnerable employment’, while wage and salaried workers together with employers constitute ‘non-vulnerable employment’.”

Between 1991 and 2018, Togo showed a decrease in the proportion of workers in vulnerable employment as compared to those in secure employment.

 

Working Poverty Rate (Source: ILO)

Labour income tells us about a household’s vulnerability. As the ILO explains in Profits and Poverty

“Poor households find it particularly difficult to deal with income shocks, especially when they push households below the food poverty line. In the presence of such shocks, men and women without social protection nets tend to borrow to smooth consumption, and to accept any job for themselves or their children, even under exploitative conditions.”

ILO indicators that measure poverty with respect to the labour force include working poverty rate, disaggregated by sex, with temporal coverage spanning from 2000 to 2020. The chart displays linear trends in working poverty rate over time for all individuals over 15 years of age.

 

Labour Productivity (Source: ILO)

Labour productivity is an important economic indicator that is closely linked to economic growth, competitiveness, and living standards within an economy.” However, when increased labour output does not produce rising wages, this can point to increasing inequality. As indicated by a recent ILO report (2015), there is a “growing disconnect between wages and productivity growth, in both developed and emerging economies”. The lack of decent work available increases vulnerability to situations of labour exploitation. 

Labour productivity represents the total volume of output (measured in terms of Gross Domestic Product, GDP) produced per unit of labour (measured in terms of the number of employed persons) during a given period.

 

Rates of Non-fatal Occupational Injuries (Source: ILO)

Occupational injury and fatality data can also be crucial in prevention and response efforts. 

As the ILO explains:

“Data on occupational injuries are essential for planning preventive measures. For instance, workers in occupations and activities of highest risk can be targeted more effectively for inspection visits, development of regulations and procedures, and also for safety campaigns.”

There are serious gaps in existing data coverage, particularly among groups that may be highly vulnerable to labour exploitation. For example, few countries provide information on injuries disaggregated between migrant and non-migrant workers.

 

Rates of Fatal Occupational Injuries (Source: ILO)

Data on occupational health and safety may reveal conditions of exploitation, even if exploitation may lead to under-reporting of workplace injuries and safety breaches. At present, the ILO collects data on occupational injuries, both fatal and non-fatal, disaggregating by sex and migrant status. 

 

Research to date suggests that a major factor in vulnerability to labour exploitation is broader social vulnerability, marginalization or exclusion.

Groups Highly Vulnerable to Exploitation (Source: UNHCR)

Creating effective policy to prevent and protect individuals from forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and child labour means making sure that all parts of the population are covered, particularly the most vulnerable groups, including migrants.

According to the 2016 Global Estimates of Modern Slavery: “Almost one of every four victims of forced labour were exploited outside their country of residence, which points to the high degree of risk associated with migration in the modern world, particularly for migrant women and children. “

As IOM explains: “Although most migration is voluntary and has a largely positive impact on individuals and societies, migration, particularly irregular migration, can increase vulnerability to human trafficking and exploitation.” UNODC similarly notes that: “The vulnerability to being trafficked is greater among refugees and migrants in large movements, as recognized by Member States in the New York declaration for refugees and migrants of September 2016.”

The chart displays UNHCR’s estimates of persons of concern in Togo.

Achieving SDG Target 8.7 will require national governments to take direct action against the forms of exploitation through policy implementation.

Official Definitions
Legally Defining 8.7
Forced Labour

Code du Travail, 2006

ARTICLE 4. Le travail forcé ou obligatoire est interdit.
On entend par travail forcé ou obligatoire, tout travail ou service exigé d’un individu sous la menace d’une peine quelconque et pour lequel ledit individu ne s’est pas offert de son plein gré.
Toutefois, le terme « travail forcé ou obligatoire » ne concerne pas :

1. tout travail ou service exigé en vertu des lois et règlements sur le service militaire obligatoire et ayant un caractère purement militaire ;
2. tout travail ou service d’intérêt général faisant partie des obligations civiques des citoyens, telles qu’elles sont définies par les lois et les règlements ;
3. tout travail ou service exigé d’un individu comme conséquence d’une condamnation prononcée par une décision judiciaire ;
4. tout travail ou service exigé dans les cas de force majeure, notamment dans les cas de guerre, de sinistres ou menaces de sinistres tels qu’incendies, inondations, épidémies et épizooties violentes, invasions d’animaux, d’insectes ou de parasites végétaux nuisibles et, en général, toutes circonstances mettant en danger ou risquant de mettre en danger la vie ou les conditions normales d’existence de l’ensemble ou d’une partie de la population.

Le fait d’exiger le travail forcé ou obligatoire est passible de sanctions pénales.

Child Labour

Code du Travail, 2006

ARTICLE 150. Sous réserve des dispositions relatives à l’apprentissage, les enfants, de l’un ou l’autre sexe, ne peuvent être employés dans aucune entreprise, ni réaliser aucun type de travail, même pour leur propre compte, avant l’âge de quinze (15) ans, sauf dérogation prévue par arrêté du ministre chargé du travail, pris après avis du Conseil National du Travail compte tenu des circonstances locales et des tâches qui peuvent leur être demandées.

Worst Forms of Child Labour

Constitution, 1992

Article 36.
L’État protège la jeunesse contre toute forme d’exploitation ou de manipulation.

Code du Travail, 2006

ARTICLE 151. Les enfants de plus de quinze (15) ans peuvent effectuer des travaux légers. Les employeurs sont tenus d’adresser une déclaration préalable à l’inspecteur du travail et des lois sociales qui dispose d’un délai de huit (08) jours pour notifier son désaccord éventuel.
Dans tous les cas, sont interdites les pires formes de travail des enfants.
Sont considérées comme pires formes de travail des enfants :

1. toutes formes d’esclavage ou pratiques analogues, telles que la vente et la traite des enfants, la servitude pour dettes et le servage, ainsi que le travail forcé ou obligatoire, y compris le recrutement forcé ou obligatoire des enfants en vue de leur utilisation dans des conflits armés ;
2. l’utilisation, le recrutement ou l’offre d’un enfant à des fins de prostitution, de production de matériel pornographique ou de spectacles pornographiques ;
3. l’utilisation, le recrutement ou l’offre d’un enfant aux fins d’activités illicites, notamment pour la production et le trafic de stupéfiants, tels que les
définissent les conventions internationales pertinentes ;
4. les travaux qui, par leur nature ou les conditions dans lesquelles ils
s’exercent, sont susceptibles de nuire à la santé, à la sécurité ou à la moralité de l’enfant.

Le fait de soumettre un enfant à des pires formes de travail est passible de sanctions pénales.
Un arrêté du ministre chargé du travail, pris après avis du Conseil National du Travail, détermine les travaux visés au point 4 du présent article et les catégories d’entreprises interdites aux jeunes gens et l’âge limite jusqu’auquel s’applique l’interdiction.

Arrêté n° 1464/MTEFP/DGTLS du 12 novembre 2007 déterminant les travaux interdits aux enfants conformément au point 4 de l’article 151 de la loi n° 2006-010 du 13 décembre 2006 portant Code du travail.

Loi n° 2005-009 relative au trafic d’enfants au Togo.

“Définit le “trafic d’enfants” comme étant “le processus par lequel tout enfant est recruté ou enlevé, transporté, transféré, hébergé ou accueilli, à l’intérieur ou à l’extérieur du territoire national, par une ou plusieurs personnes aux fins de son exploitation” et précise que l’exploitation “désigne toutes activités auxquelles l’on soumet l’enfant et qui ne présentent, pour ce dernier, aucun intérêt économique, moral, mental ou psychique mais qui, par contre, procurent à l’auteur du trafic ou à toute autre personne, de manière directe ou indirecte, des intérêts économiques, moraux ou psychiques”.

Human Trafficking

Code Penal, 2015

Art. 317 : La traite des personnes est le fait de recruter, de transporter, de transférer, d’héberger ou d’accueillir des personnes, par la menace de recours ou le recours à la force ou à d’autres formes de contrainte, par enlèvement, fraude, tromperie, abus d’autorité ou d’une situation de vulnérabilité, ou par l’offre ou l’acceptation de paiements ou d’avantages pour obtenir le consentement d’une personne ayant autorité sur une autre aux fins d’exploitation
L’exploitation comprend notammen:

1) l’exploitation sexuelle dont l’exploitation de la prostitution d’autrui ;
l’exploitation par le travail dont le travail ou les services forcés, l’esclavage ou la servitude ;
l’exploitation par le mariage forcé ou servi le ; l’exploitation dans les conflits armés ; l’exploitation par la mendicité ;
6) l’exploitation des éléments du corps humain ;
7) l’exploitation par la réalisation d’activités illicites par
autrui dont la production et le trafic de drogues.

Le consentement d’une victime de la traite des personnes à l’exploitation envisagée, telle que définie aux alinéas 1 et
du présent article, est indifférent

International Commitments
International Ratifications

ILO Forced Labour Convention, C029, Ratification 1960

ILO Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, C105, Ratiication 1999

ILO Minimum Age Convention, C138, Ratification 1984 (minimum age specified: 14 years)

ILO Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, C182, Ratification 2000

Slavery Convention of 1926, Succession 1962

UN Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery, Accession 1980

UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (Palermo Protocol), Ratification 2009

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, Ratification 1990

UN Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Ratification 2005

UN Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child: Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, Ratification 2004

National Action Plans, National Strategies

National Policy of Social Protection

MASPFA policy that aims to improve social safety nets, strengthen mechanisms to combat the exploitation of children, and promote systematic birth registration.

Multilateral Agreements to Combat Child Trafficking

Trilateral agreement among the governments of Benin, Togo and Burkina Faso that works to prevent child trafficking along the countries’ shared borders. Multilateral accords for West and Central Africa promote cooperation among regional states to combat child trafficking.

National Development Plan (2018-2022) 

Aims to improve economic growth, structurally transform the Togolese economy, and strengthen social protection and inclusion measures, including the implementation of a national biometric identification system

Governments can take action to assist victims and to prevent and end the  perpetration of forced labour, modern slavery, human trafficking and child labour. These actions should be considered in wider societal efforts to reduce prevalence and move towards eradication of these forms of exploitation.

Programs and Agencies for Victim Support

Policies for Assistance
Policies for Assistance, General

Code de l’enfant, 2007

Policies for Assistance, Human Trafficking

Loi n° 2005-009 relative au trafic d’enfants au Togo.

 

Penalties
Penalties, Forced Labour

Code du Travail, 2006

ARTICLE 301. Sont punis d’une amende de cent mille (100 000) à un million (1 000 000) de francs et d’un emprisonnement de trois (03) à six (06) mois ou de l’une de ces deux peines seulement, les auteurs d’infractions aux dispositions des articles 3, 4, 39 et 40.
En cas de récidive, la peine est portée au double

Penalties, Child Labour

Code du Travail, 2006

ARTICLE 293. Sont punis d’une amende de cinquante mille (50 000) à cent mille (100 000) francs et en cas de récidive, d’une amende de cent mille (100 000) à deux cent mille (200 000) francs :

1. les auteurs d’infractions aux dispositions des articles 150, 155 alinéa 2, 156 alinéa 1, 175 alinéa 1, 180 et 181 ;
2. les auteurs d’infractions aux dispositions des arrêtés prévus aux articles 150, 156 et 175.
Dans les cas d’infractions aux dispositions des arrêtés prévus par les articles 150 et 175, la récidive peut, en outre, être punie d’un emprisonnement de dix (10) jours à trois (03) mois.
S’il y a double récidive, l’emprisonnement est obligatoirement prononcé.

ARTICLE 294. Sont punis d’une amende de cinquante mille (50 000) à cent mille (100 000) francs et, en cas de récidive, d’une amende de cent mille (100 000) à deux cent mille (200 000) francs et d’un emprisonnement de dix (10) jours à un (01) mois ou de l’une de ces deux peines seulement :

1. les auteurs d’infractions aux dispositions des articles 90, 150, 157, 158, 160, 166, 167 alinéa 2, 171 et 207 alinéa 3.
2. les auteurs d’infractions aux dispositions des arrêtés prévus aux articles 35, 147, 169 et aux dispositions de l’article 185.

Dans les cas d’infractions aux dispositions de l’article 150, les pénalités ne sont pas encourues si l’infraction a été l’effet d’une erreur portant sur l’âge des enfants.
Les auteurs des infractions aux dispositions de l’article 148 alinéa 4 sont punis d’une amende de cent mille (100 000) à cinq cent mille (500 000) francs et d’un emprisonnement de six (06) mois à un (01) an ou de l’une de ces peines seulement sans préjudice de l’application des dispositions légales particulières relatives à la traite ou au trafic d’enfants.
En cas de récidive, les sanctions sont portées au double.

Penalties, Human Trafficking

Code Penal, 2015

Art. 317 : La traite des personnes est le fait de recruter, de transporter, de transférer, d’héberger ou d’accueillir des personnes, par la menace de recours ou le recours à la force ou à d’autres formes de contrainte, par enlèvement, fraude, tromperie, abus d’autorité ou d’une situation de vulnérabilité, ou par l’offre ou l’acceptation de paiements ou d’avantages pour obtenir le consentement d’une personne ayant autorité sur une autre aux fins d’exploitation
L’exploitation comprend notammen:

1) l’exploitation sexuelle dont l’exploitation de la prostitution d’autrui ;
l’exploitation par le travail dont le travail ou les services forcés, l’esclavage ou la servitude ;
l’exploitation par le mariage forcé ou servi le ; l’exploitation dans les conflits armés ; l’exploitation par la mendicité ;
6) l’exploitation des éléments du corps humain ;
7) l’exploitation par la réalisation d’activités illicites par
autrui dont la production et le trafic de drogues.

Le consentement d’une victime de la traite des personnes à l’exploitation envisagée, telle que définie aux alinéas 1 et
du présent article, est indifférent

Art 318
Art 319
Art 320
Art 321

Data Commitments

A Call to Action to End Forced Labour, Modern Slavery and Human Trafficking, Signed 2017

1.ii. Take steps to measure, monitor and share data on prevalence and response to all such forms of exploitation, as appropriate to national circumstances;

Programs and Agencies for Enforcement

Measures to address the drivers of vulnerability to exploitation can be key to effective prevention. A broad range of social protections are thought to reduce the likelihood that an individual will be at risk of exploitation, especially when coverage of those protections extends to the most vulnerable groups.

Social Protection Coverage: General (at Least One)
Social Protection (Source: ILO)

The seminal ILO paper on the economics of forced labour, Profits and Poverty, explains the hypothesis that social protection can mitigate the risks that arise when a household is vulnerable to sudden income shocks, helping to prevent labour exploitation. It also suggests that access to education and skills training can enhance the bargaining power of workers and prevent children in particular from becoming victims of forced labour. Measures to promote social inclusion and address discrimination against women and girls may also go a long way towards preventing forced labour.

If a country does not appear on a chart, this indicates that there is no recent data available for the particular social protection visualized.

Social Protection Coverage: Pension
Social Protection Coverage: Vulnerable Groups
Social Protection Coverage: Children
Social Protection Coverage: Disabled

Delta 8.7 has received no Official Response to this dashboard from the Togo. If you are a representative of Togo and wish to submit an Official Response, please contact us here.